5 of the Most Common Dog Health Problems
Our dogs can’t speak to let us know what bothers them; they depend on us for food, love, and care. Like us, our pet can suddenly feel sick, and as a good dog owner, our dog health is important. Although it is impossible to completely keep our dog free from disease, there are some common dog health problems we should be aware of, in order to give them proper care. The following are 5 most common dog health problems and what you can do to care for your pet.
This is probably the most common dog diseases, these infections are caused by bacteria, allergies, ear mites, inadequate cleaning of the ears and other irritants. If your puppy starts shaking its head and scratching its ears repeatedly, you can check if the ear canal is red or inflamed. If so, this may mean that the ear problem has evolved. But the good news is that dog ear infection is easy to treat. Medicating and cleaning the ear regularly will soon get your puppy back to his happy state. In addition, the ear infection can be treated with antibiotics. Most dogs are prone to infections, however long-haired pups like Bloodhounds, Dachshunds, or Beagles are more susceptible to ear infections.
Another common problem in dogs is worms. Dogs are naturally curious and put everything in their mouths, so it is easy for parasites to enter their system. It is difficult to notice these internal parasites, but they can be harmful and even fatal for puppies. Tapeworms, roundworms, and whipworms are common internal parasites in pooches and are easy to treat, but hookworms are known to be fatal to the puppy. Diagnosing at home is difficult, so ensure to take your dog to the veterinary when you are not sure your dog has worms. If a worm is suspected at an early stage, then prompt treatment is usually very effective. A change in pet appetite, diarrhea, and loss of weight are signs that your dog has worms and should immediately be taken to the vet.
This is caused by virus, bacteria or a possible change in diet. If your dog has not had sudden changes in diet recently, have them examined for possible diseases that could cause the infection. Diarrhea can infect a dog as easily as it can infect humans and is usually caused by food-related problems. In dogs, it can also be due to intestinal parasites, parvo virus or even stress. The symptoms of diarrhea are clear – loose or watery stools that sometimes accompanied by dark or bloody stool and vomiting. Make sure your dog stays hydrated, but if symptoms persist for more than a day, it’s time to consult your veterinarian.
The medical term for this bacterial infection is acute moist dermatitis. It inflamed a spot on your dog’s coat that they can’t stop scratching. Fleas are the common cause of a hot spot. In general, a veterinarian will recommend antibiotics or topical medications that provide comfort in the area so that the dog stops chewing or scratching the spot. It is usually clear up within a few weeks of treatment. Depending on the cause, these itching and painful spot can be treated with antibiotics, topical medications, steroids or simply shaving and cleansing the affected area.
This can lead to other complications such as diabetes; the cause of obesity is not only by overeating but by eating the wrong foods. Start by instating daily feeding times and a specific amount of food. Also, cut the table scraps and ensure your puppy exercises regularly on a daily basis.